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NMC - Page 5

  • Dominique Briquel - Sur le traitement post mortem infligé à Crassus

    Sur le traitement post mortem infligé à Crassus

     

    Dominique Briquel

     

    Abstract : After his defeat at Carrhes where the triumvir Crassus, had died, in 53 BC. J.-C., his corpse would have undergone a treatment which had struck the ancient authors. The victorious Parthians had poured molten gold into the mouth of the Roman general. The ancient authors put this treatment in relation to his well-known «hunger for gold» and draw from it a moral lesson. Already previously an other Roman general would have suffered the same fate for the same reasons: Manius Aquilius, after being captured by Mithridates. But we can ask if, from an Iranian perspective, this behaviour could not have another meaning. In the Zoroastian tradition, sinners, those who rise up against the cosmic and moral order and are liars, are treated in this way, whether from an ordeal and judicial perspective or from an eschatological perspective. Aquilius and Crassus appear to have undergone this type of punishment also made themselves the agents of the Evil Spirit against the Holy Spirit.

    Keywords : Crassus, battle of Carrhae, auri sacra fames, Zoroastrism.

    Résumé : Après sa défaite à Carrhes où le triumvir Crassus, avait trouvé la mort, en 53 av. J.-C., son cadavre aurait subi un traitement qui avait frappé les auteurs antiques. Les Parthes vainqueurs avaient versé de l’or en fusion dans la bouche du chef romain. Ils mettent ce traitement en relation avec la «faim de l’or» bien connue du personnage et en tirent une leçon morale. Déjà auparavant, le même sort serait advenu pour les mêmes raisons, mais cette fois alors qu’il était vivant et prisonnier de Mithtridate, à un autre Romain, Manius Aquilius. Mais on peut se demander si, dans une perspective iranienne, le geste ne pouvait pas avoir un autre sens. Dans la tradition zoroastienne, les pécheurs, ceux qui s’élèvent contre l’ordre cosmique et moral et sont des menteurs, sont traités de la sorte, que ce soit dans une perspective ordalique et judiciaire ou dans une perspective eschatologique. Aquilius et Crassus paraissent avoir subi ce type de châtiment également parce qu’ils s’étaient fait les agents de l’Esprit Mauvais contre l’Esprit Saint.

    Mots-clés : Crassus, Bataille de Carrhes, auri sacra fames, zoroastrisme.

     

    Télécharger le fichier en pdf / download in pdf: Briquel.pdf

  • Marcello De Martino - La quarta funzione, ovvero 3 + 1: l’“arcifunzione” indoeuropea

    La quarta funzione, ovvero 3 + 1:
    l’“arcifunzione” indoeuropea

     

    Marcello De Martino

     

    Abstract : The need to assume a fourth function has been supported by Nick J. Allen throughout his scientific career since 1987. Starting from the Georges Dumézil’s words, it can be seen how this “new” function was already presupposed by the great French comparatist. Making a history of this theory we will see that the fourth function is fully justified also by the Marcello De Martino’s new researches in 2020: it would in fact be a macrofunction or, better, an “arcifunction” according to the functional linguistics of the Prague School and the phonologist Nicolaj S. Trubeckoj’s theory.

    Keywords : Dumézilian trifunctionalism, archifunction, fourth function, Indo-European religion, Roman religion, Irish society.

    Riassunto: La necessità di assumere una quarta funzione è stata sostenuta da Nick J. Allen nel corso della sua carriera scientifica sin dal 1987. Partendo dalle parole di Georges Dumézil, si può vedere come questa “nuova” funzione fosse già ipotizzata dal grande comparatista francese; facendo una storia di questa teoria si vedrà che la quarta funzione è pienamente giustificata anche dalle nuove ricerche del 2020 di Marcello De Martino: essa sarebbe infatti una macrofunzione o, meglio, un’“arcifunzione” secondo la linguistica funzionale della Scuola di Praga e la teoria del fonologo Nicolaj S. Trubeckoj.

    Parole chiave: Trifunzionalismo duméziliano, arcifunzione, quarta funzione, religione indoeuropea, religione romana, società irlandese.

     

    Télécharger le fichier en pdf / download in pdf: Martino.pdf

  • Numéro 6 / No 6 - 2021

    Mélanges offerts à la mémoire de Nick J. Allen

     

    Sommaire / Summary

     

    Bernard Sergent, La "Groac’h de l’île de Lok" et les trois fonctions indo-européennes

    Marcello De Martino, La quarta funzione, ovvero 3 + 1: l’“arcifunzione” indoeuropea

    Dominique Briquel, Sur le traitement post-mortem infligé à Crassus

    Éric Pirart, Narcisse en Iran et en Inde

    Patrice Lajoye, Le mauvais souverain pris sous la glace. Identification d'un mythe, de l'Inde aux Bogomiles

    Pierre Sauzeau, Le renard, Dionysos et la panthère

    T. L. Markey, Togi- the Terrible

    John Shaw, Mythological aspects of the 'Return Song' theme and their couterparts in North-western Europe

    Arik Moran, When the Nars descended from Heaven

    Signe Cohen, Heimdallr and Apā́ṃ Nápāt: A Comparison

    Yūto Kawamura, The Origin of Indra as the Thunder God

    Krešimir Vuković and Maria Mariola Glavan, The Indo-European Daughter of the Sun: Greek Helen, Vedic Saranyu and Slavic Morana